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You are here:   Enforcement > The Employer
The Employer
General Duties

An Employer must ensure safety, health and welfare at work of all his employees. In his endeavours to accomplish this he must:
  • Ensure safety of plant and systems of work.
  • Provide arrangements for safe use, handling, storage and transport of equipment, machinery, articles and substances.
  • Provide appropriate personal protective clothing or devices.
  • Provide the necessary information, instruction, training and supervision as is necessary.
  • Maintain the workplace in a safe condition and ensure the provision of safe means of getting in and out
  • Provide safe working environment with adequate welfare facilities (toilets, changing rooms, washing facilities, drinking water etc.)

In particular, the employer must do the following:

Safety and Health Policy Statement
  • If there are twenty-five (25) or more employees, prepare a written Safety and Health Policy Statement that shows the organisation and arrangements for safety and health.
  • If there are twenty-five (25) or more employees in an establishment, the employer must consult employees in the preparation of the safety and health policy statement.
  • Appoint someone competent to assist with safety and health responsibilities if requested to do so by the Chief Inspector.
 Risk Assessment
  • Assess the risks to the safety and health of employees.
  • Make arrangements for implementing the health and safety measures for reducing risk identified as being necessary by the assessment.
  • If there are twenty-five (25) or more employees, record the significant findings of the risk assessment..
  • Such an assessment is vital to the development and implementation of the arrangements required in the Safety and Health Policy Statement.
  • Develop arrangements to ensure that all hazardous chemicals are properly labelled.
  • Ensure the availability of Chemical Safety Data Sheets for all hazardous chemicals.
  • Ensure arrangements for the handling and disposal of hazardous chemicals.

Pregnant Women

  • Adapt working conditions for pregnant women to ensure that they are not exposed to conditions dangerous to the health of their unborn child.
  • Where appropriate alternative work must be assigned where available.
  • For up to six (6) months after the birth of her child alternative work must be provided if the employee is normally required to perform work that poses danger to her safety or that of her child.
Non-Employees /Visitors /Public
  • Conduct operations in such a manner as to ensure persons not employed are not exposed to risks to their safety or health.
Safety and Health Committee
  • Where there are twenty-five (25) or more employees consult with your employees in establishing a safety and health committee.
Appointment of Competent Person
  • Appoint someone competent to assist with safety and health responsibilities if requested to do so by the Chief Inspector.
  • Co-operate on safety and health issues with other employers sharing the same workplace.
Health Surveillance
  • Provide such health surveillance as appropriate having regard to the risk to their health and safety.
Medical Examination
  • Request if necessary, an employee or a person seeking employment to undergo a medical examination to determine fitness for work.
  • Pay for such an examination.
 Notification of Occupational Disease
  • When advised that an employee is suffering from an occupational disease as listed in schedule 1 of the OSH Act, the employer must give notice in writing to the Chief Inspector within four (4) days.

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